The timing of spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

S. P. Mohanty, M. Narendra Kumar, B. G.Nand Kishore, S. Suresh Babu

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Abstract

102 Cases of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis seen over a period of 5 years were studied. 59 Patients who were treated surgically and followed up for a minimum of 48 months, fell into one of two groups: Group I-those operated on within 3 years following the adolescent growth spurt, and Group II-those who were operated on at or after skeletal maturity. 35 Patients were treated by Harrington instrumentation and posterior fusion and 24 by Harrington instrumentation, segmental sublaminar wiring and posterior fusion. In 7 patients anterior release was performed initially. In Group I, the extent of deformity correction and elimination of the rib hump were better, and complications such as neurological deficit, hook dislodgement and implant breakage were encountered less frequently. Harrington instrumentation, segmental sublaminar wiring and posterior fusion gave better results than instrumentation and fusion. Our results suggest that surgical correction should be done within 3 years following growth spurt, i.e. 14 to 16 years of age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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    Mohanty, S. P., Kumar, M. N., Kishore, B. G. N., & Babu, S. S. (2001). The timing of spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 9(2), 7-14.