Objectives: Elective cesarean deliveries (ECD) are still performed prior to 39 weeks. This study aimed to identify risk of neonatal respiratory morbidity (NRM) following ECD near term, in a South Indian population. Specifically, study aimed to measure the additional healthcare burden due to large number of ECDs performed prior to 39 weeks, in this local population. Methods: We analyzed NRM among 1329 deliveries (584 ECD and 745 spontaneous vaginal delivery, SVD) in a tertiary hospital over 2 years. Neonates were grouped into: A: 35+0–36+6 weeks, B: 37+0–38+6 weeks, and C: ≥39 weeks. NRM was compared between ECD versus SVD. Results: Majority (433/584) of ECDs were performed between 37+0 and 38+6 weeks. Overall, 32% received steroid prophylaxis. Of 1329 newborns, 18/584 (3.82%) in ECD and 6/745 (0.8%) in SVD group developed NRM (p value of 0.004, OR 3.9, CI 1.54–9.93). Need of respiratory support among ECD was 4.28% compared to 0.53% in SVD (p < 0.001, OR 8.28; CI 2.86–23.94). However, comparing neonates born by ECD between groups B Vs C; there was only a modest increase in NRM (2.07 vs 0.9%; p 0.48, OR 2.3 with CI 0.29–18.4) and in need of respiratory support (2.54 vs 0.9%; p 0.47, OR 2.84; CI 0.36–22.2). Conclusion: NRM following early term ECD continues to be a healthcare burden in India. Interestingly in this South Indian population, early term ECDs caused only modest increase in NRM, and this ethnic variation requires further evaluation to determine ideal time for ECD in local population.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology