There is Only a Modest Increase in Neonatal Respiratory Morbidity Following Early Term Elective Cesarean in a South Indian Population

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Abstract

Objectives: Elective cesarean deliveries (ECD) are still performed prior to 39 weeks. This study aimed to identify risk of neonatal respiratory morbidity (NRM) following ECD near term, in a South Indian population. Specifically, study aimed to measure the additional healthcare burden due to large number of ECDs performed prior to 39 weeks, in this local population. Methods: We analyzed NRM among 1329 deliveries (584 ECD and 745 spontaneous vaginal delivery, SVD) in a tertiary hospital over 2 years. Neonates were grouped into: A: 35+0–36+6 weeks, B: 37+0–38+6 weeks, and C: ≥39 weeks. NRM was compared between ECD versus SVD. Results: Majority (433/584) of ECDs were performed between 37+0 and 38+6 weeks. Overall, 32% received steroid prophylaxis. Of 1329 newborns, 18/584 (3.82%) in ECD and 6/745 (0.8%) in SVD group developed NRM (p value of 0.004, OR 3.9, CI 1.54–9.93). Need of respiratory support among ECD was 4.28% compared to 0.53% in SVD (p < 0.001, OR 8.28; CI 2.86–23.94). However, comparing neonates born by ECD between groups B Vs C; there was only a modest increase in NRM (2.07 vs 0.9%; p 0.48, OR 2.3 with CI 0.29–18.4) and in need of respiratory support (2.54 vs 0.9%; p 0.47, OR 2.84; CI 0.36–22.2). Conclusion: NRM following early term ECD continues to be a healthcare burden in India. Interestingly in this South Indian population, early term ECDs caused only modest increase in NRM, and this ethnic variation requires further evaluation to determine ideal time for ECD in local population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2018

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Morbidity
Population
Delivery of Health Care
Tertiary Care Centers
India
Steroids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

@article{3b324d3a1d354942a3312b3bf952c403,
title = "There is Only a Modest Increase in Neonatal Respiratory Morbidity Following Early Term Elective Cesarean in a South Indian Population",
abstract = "Objectives: Elective cesarean deliveries (ECD) are still performed prior to 39 weeks. This study aimed to identify risk of neonatal respiratory morbidity (NRM) following ECD near term, in a South Indian population. Specifically, study aimed to measure the additional healthcare burden due to large number of ECDs performed prior to 39 weeks, in this local population. Methods: We analyzed NRM among 1329 deliveries (584 ECD and 745 spontaneous vaginal delivery, SVD) in a tertiary hospital over 2 years. Neonates were grouped into: A: 35+0–36+6 weeks, B: 37+0–38+6 weeks, and C: ≥39 weeks. NRM was compared between ECD versus SVD. Results: Majority (433/584) of ECDs were performed between 37+0 and 38+6 weeks. Overall, 32{\%} received steroid prophylaxis. Of 1329 newborns, 18/584 (3.82{\%}) in ECD and 6/745 (0.8{\%}) in SVD group developed NRM (p value of 0.004, OR 3.9, CI 1.54–9.93). Need of respiratory support among ECD was 4.28{\%} compared to 0.53{\%} in SVD (p < 0.001, OR 8.28; CI 2.86–23.94). However, comparing neonates born by ECD between groups B Vs C; there was only a modest increase in NRM (2.07 vs 0.9{\%}; p 0.48, OR 2.3 with CI 0.29–18.4) and in need of respiratory support (2.54 vs 0.9{\%}; p 0.47, OR 2.84; CI 0.36–22.2). Conclusion: NRM following early term ECD continues to be a healthcare burden in India. Interestingly in this South Indian population, early term ECDs caused only modest increase in NRM, and this ethnic variation requires further evaluation to determine ideal time for ECD in local population.",
author = "Nagaraja Katwa and Akhila Vasudeva and Lewis, {Leslie E.S.} and Pratap Kumar",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s13224-017-0995-2",
language = "English",
pages = "1--7",
journal = "Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India",
issn = "0971-9202",
publisher = "Springer India",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - There is Only a Modest Increase in Neonatal Respiratory Morbidity Following Early Term Elective Cesarean in a South Indian Population

AU - Katwa, Nagaraja

AU - Vasudeva, Akhila

AU - Lewis, Leslie E.S.

AU - Kumar, Pratap

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Objectives: Elective cesarean deliveries (ECD) are still performed prior to 39 weeks. This study aimed to identify risk of neonatal respiratory morbidity (NRM) following ECD near term, in a South Indian population. Specifically, study aimed to measure the additional healthcare burden due to large number of ECDs performed prior to 39 weeks, in this local population. Methods: We analyzed NRM among 1329 deliveries (584 ECD and 745 spontaneous vaginal delivery, SVD) in a tertiary hospital over 2 years. Neonates were grouped into: A: 35+0–36+6 weeks, B: 37+0–38+6 weeks, and C: ≥39 weeks. NRM was compared between ECD versus SVD. Results: Majority (433/584) of ECDs were performed between 37+0 and 38+6 weeks. Overall, 32% received steroid prophylaxis. Of 1329 newborns, 18/584 (3.82%) in ECD and 6/745 (0.8%) in SVD group developed NRM (p value of 0.004, OR 3.9, CI 1.54–9.93). Need of respiratory support among ECD was 4.28% compared to 0.53% in SVD (p < 0.001, OR 8.28; CI 2.86–23.94). However, comparing neonates born by ECD between groups B Vs C; there was only a modest increase in NRM (2.07 vs 0.9%; p 0.48, OR 2.3 with CI 0.29–18.4) and in need of respiratory support (2.54 vs 0.9%; p 0.47, OR 2.84; CI 0.36–22.2). Conclusion: NRM following early term ECD continues to be a healthcare burden in India. Interestingly in this South Indian population, early term ECDs caused only modest increase in NRM, and this ethnic variation requires further evaluation to determine ideal time for ECD in local population.

AB - Objectives: Elective cesarean deliveries (ECD) are still performed prior to 39 weeks. This study aimed to identify risk of neonatal respiratory morbidity (NRM) following ECD near term, in a South Indian population. Specifically, study aimed to measure the additional healthcare burden due to large number of ECDs performed prior to 39 weeks, in this local population. Methods: We analyzed NRM among 1329 deliveries (584 ECD and 745 spontaneous vaginal delivery, SVD) in a tertiary hospital over 2 years. Neonates were grouped into: A: 35+0–36+6 weeks, B: 37+0–38+6 weeks, and C: ≥39 weeks. NRM was compared between ECD versus SVD. Results: Majority (433/584) of ECDs were performed between 37+0 and 38+6 weeks. Overall, 32% received steroid prophylaxis. Of 1329 newborns, 18/584 (3.82%) in ECD and 6/745 (0.8%) in SVD group developed NRM (p value of 0.004, OR 3.9, CI 1.54–9.93). Need of respiratory support among ECD was 4.28% compared to 0.53% in SVD (p < 0.001, OR 8.28; CI 2.86–23.94). However, comparing neonates born by ECD between groups B Vs C; there was only a modest increase in NRM (2.07 vs 0.9%; p 0.48, OR 2.3 with CI 0.29–18.4) and in need of respiratory support (2.54 vs 0.9%; p 0.47, OR 2.84; CI 0.36–22.2). Conclusion: NRM following early term ECD continues to be a healthcare burden in India. Interestingly in this South Indian population, early term ECDs caused only modest increase in NRM, and this ethnic variation requires further evaluation to determine ideal time for ECD in local population.

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