Thermal Annealing and Doping Induced Tailoring of Phase and Upconversion Luminescence of NaYF4:Yb Er Microcrystals

Shivanand H. Nannuri, Sana Adnan, C. K. Subash, C. Santhosh, Sajan D. George

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of Mn2+ ion concentration (x = 0–20 mol%) as well as the role of thermal-annealing temperature (400–600°C) on the structural as well as luminescence properties of NaYF4:Yb, Er (Y: 78-x%, Yb: 20%, Er: 2%) microcrystals prepared via a coprecipitation method is investigated. The cubic phase of the as-prepared NaYF4:Yb, Er (Y: 78%, Yb: 20%, Er: 2%) was found to remain intact upon the addition of the Mn2+ ions, but the thermal-annealing elucidates that the phase of the sample depends upon the annealing temperature as well as the Mn2+ ion concentration. Among the Mn2+ ion co-doped samples, 3 mol% doped samples dominant to have a maximum positive influence on the upconversion luminescence of the sample, and a further increase in concentration leads to the concentration-induced quenching of the upconversion luminescence. Moreover, the enhancement factor of green ((Formula presented.)), as well as red ((Formula presented.)) emission, depend upon the annealing temperature, with a maximum enhancement factor of 5 and 3.12 times for the sample annealed at 400°C, 8.6 and 7.25 times for the sample annealed at 500°C, and 6 and 4 times for the sample annealed at 600°C, as compared to Mn2+ ion undoped samples. The maximum emission strength for the green as well as red is observed for the sample annealed at 600°C and co-doped with 3 mol Mn2+ ions. The laser power-dependent study on all the samples shows that the upconversion process is a multi-photon process, predominantly a two-photon process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalNanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials


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