Three-dimensional assessment of transverse displacement with Facemask and Maxgym in unilateral cleft lip and palate model

Shahistha Parveen, Akhter Husain, Srinivas Gosla Reddy, Rohan Mascarenhas, Satish Shenoy, Mallikarjuna Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Growing patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) exhibit maxillary deficiency due to early surgical intervention. Maxillary protraction with expansion is the recommended treatment modality for deficient maxilla. Facemask is a conventional protraction appliance, and Maxgym is a new protraction appliance. The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of Maxgym with Facemask using finite-element analysis. Methods: A three-dimensional finite-element model consisting of 49,807 nodes and 185,620 tetrahedral-shaped elements was created using computed tomography scan of a patient with unilateral CLP. F1, F2, and F3 represent different protraction forces of facemask, and M1, M2, and M3 represent different protraction forces of Maxgym. E1 represents slow maxillary expansion (SME) force, and E2 represents rapid maxillary expansion (RME) force. Facemask and Maxgym forces were applied parallel to the occlusal plane from the middle of the clinical crown on the buccal side of the first premolars. The forces E1 and E2 were also applied on the middle of the crown height on the lingual side of the first premolars and the first molars to simulate expansion. The amount of displacement for Maxgym and Facemask forces in transverse direction was analyzed designating specific nodes to represent dental and skeletal structures. Results: The dental and skeletal structures were displaced in transverse direction under all loading conditions. Only expansion or protraction force resulted in transverse displacement of nodes. RME produces greater transverse displacement as compared to SME. Maxgym forces produce greater transverse displacement as compared to facemask. Maxgym with RME produces greater transverse displacement as compared to Maxgym with SME, whereas facemask with RME produces greater transverse displacement as compared to facemask with SME. Conclusions: Maxgym forces produce greater transverse displacement as compared to facemask with or without expansion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

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