Trace Mineral Micronutrients and Chronic Periodontitis—a Review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trace mineral micronutrients are imperative for optimum host response. Populations worldwide are prone to their insufficiency owing to lifestyle changes or poor nutritional intake. Balanced levels of trace minerals like iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se) and copper (Cu) are essential to prevent progression of chronic conditions like periodontitis. Their excess as well as deficiency is detrimental to periodontal health. This is specifically true in relation to Fe. Furthermore, some trace elements, e.g. Se, Zn and Cu are integral components of antioxidant enzymes and prevent reactive oxygen species induced destruction of tissues. Their deficiency can worsen periodontitis associated with systemic conditions like diabetes mellitus. With this background, the present review first focusses on the role of four trace minerals, namely, Fe, Zn, Se and Cu in periodontal health followed by an appraisal of the data from case control studies related to their association with chronic periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-238
Number of pages14
JournalBiological Trace Element Research
Volume176
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2017

Fingerprint

Micronutrients
Trace Elements
Selenium
Zinc
Periodontitis
Health
Chronic Periodontitis
Medical problems
Case-Control Studies
Life Style
Copper
Reactive Oxygen Species
Diabetes Mellitus
Iron
Antioxidants
Tissue
Enzymes
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

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Trace Mineral Micronutrients and Chronic Periodontitis—a Review. / Gaur, Sumit; Agnihotri, Rupali.

In: Biological Trace Element Research, Vol. 176, No. 2, 01.04.2017, p. 225-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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