Background: Traditionally, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is a first-line approach for stenosed dialysis accesses and has been performed through the non-thrombosed vein segment. For thrombosed accesses, thrombectomy (whether open or percutaneous) is a standard approach. The primary objective of our study is to determine the clinical and technical outcomes of the trans-radial approach of PTA among thrombosed dialysis accesses, in terms of safety and feasibility, technical and clinical aspects and factors influencing them, as well as assisted primary patency, secondary patency at 6 and 12 months. Methods: This is a single-center retrospective study that included 150 patients over 3 years. About 123 patients underwent successful percutaneous balloon angioplasty through the radial access. Results: We report an overall technical and clinical success rate of 82%, assisted primary patency rate of about 90.25% at 3 months, 82.93% at 6 months, 73.18% at 1 year, and secondary patency rate of 94% at 1 year. Twenty-seven patients were referred for surgical revisions/creation of a new fistula for reasons like inability to pass wire (6 patients), unfavorable anatomical variations like aneurysms at the proximal segments (5 patients), inability to cross the fistula (5 patients), and persistent fistula dysfunction with no flow after initial balloon dilatation (11 patients). Three patients had hematoma at the radial access site (2.5%) while two patients had the AV fistula segment rupture and were successfully treated conservatively. Conclusion: We conclude that PTA through the trans-radial approach to completely thrombosed hemodialysis accesses is a good alternative to transvenous access and has a very good assisted primary patency and secondary patency at 1 year without major complications.
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