Transcranial Doppler for Monitoring and Evaluation of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

R. Pradeep, Dhananjay Gupta, Nikith Shetty, Anjani Kumar Bhushan, Krishna Haskar, Sujana Gogineni, Anish Mehta, Mahendra Javali, Purshottam T. Acharya, Rangasetty Srinivasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background ?Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of unknown origin, characterized by features of raised intracranial pressure (ICP). Existing literature is inconclusive about the role of transcranial Doppler (TCD) in the management of IIH. Objective ?To study the TCD changes in IIH patients, pre- and post-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage. Materials and Methods ?This was a prospective study, conducted between July 2017 and December 2019, in a tertiary care referral center in South India. Sixteen consecutive patients, suspected to have IIH, underwent magnetic resonance imaging ofthe brain, a baseline TCD, and lumbar puncture with CSF drainage and pressure monitoring. Post-CSF drainage, TCD was repeated and mean flow velocities, peak systolic velocities, end-diastolic velocities, and pulsatility index (PI), in the middle cerebral artery (MCA), vertebral artery, and basilar artery (BA) were noted. Thirteen patients had elevated CSF pressure, and fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for IIH. These patients were included in the final analysis and pre- and post-CSF drainage TCD blood flow velocities and PI were compared. Results ?The mean age of study participants was 29.92 ± 6.92 years. There was a significant reduction in the cerebral flow velocities in bilateral MCA, after CSF drainage and normalization of ICP. Flow velocities in posterior circulation and PI in MCA, PCA, and BA showed an insignificant reduction. Two patients, who did not show any reduction in flow velocities after CSF drainage, developed optic atrophy on follow-up. Conclusion ?TCD-derived systolic blood flow velocities can be used in the management and follow-up of patients with IIH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-314
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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