Abstract

Objective: To report a more quantitative approach to study the influence of varying levels of sperm DNA damage on transgenerational changes in genomic instability in a mouse model. Design: Experimental prospective study. Setting: Embryology research laboratory. Animal(s): Swiss albino mice. Intervention(s): The sperm DNA damage was induced by different doses of γ-irradiation to male mice followed by mating with healthy female mice. Main Outcome Measure(s): Genomic integrity in embryos, fetus, and spermatozoa of F1 mice derived from the DNA-damaged sperm. Result(s): The transgenerational changes in genetic integrity were attributed by a dose-dependent increase in the frequency of micronuclei in preimplantation embryos and a concomitant increase in genomic instability in fetal liver cells and sperm chromatin modifications in F1 males. A strong positive correlation was observed between the extent of sperm DNA damage and somatic and germ-line genomic instability. Conclusion(s): Sperm-mediated transgenerational genomic instability is dependent on the amount of DNA damage present in the sire's sperm at the time of fertilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2486-2490
Number of pages5
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume93
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-05-2010

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Germ Cells
Spermatozoa
Genomic Instability
DNA
DNA Damage
Embryology
Blastocyst
Fertilization
Chromatin
Fetus
Research Design
Embryonic Structures
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies
Liver
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

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title = "Transgenerational changes in somatic and germ line genetic integrity of first-generation offspring derived from the DNA damaged sperm",
abstract = "Objective: To report a more quantitative approach to study the influence of varying levels of sperm DNA damage on transgenerational changes in genomic instability in a mouse model. Design: Experimental prospective study. Setting: Embryology research laboratory. Animal(s): Swiss albino mice. Intervention(s): The sperm DNA damage was induced by different doses of γ-irradiation to male mice followed by mating with healthy female mice. Main Outcome Measure(s): Genomic integrity in embryos, fetus, and spermatozoa of F1 mice derived from the DNA-damaged sperm. Result(s): The transgenerational changes in genetic integrity were attributed by a dose-dependent increase in the frequency of micronuclei in preimplantation embryos and a concomitant increase in genomic instability in fetal liver cells and sperm chromatin modifications in F1 males. A strong positive correlation was observed between the extent of sperm DNA damage and somatic and germ-line genomic instability. Conclusion(s): Sperm-mediated transgenerational genomic instability is dependent on the amount of DNA damage present in the sire's sperm at the time of fertilization.",
author = "Adiga, {Satish Kumar} and Dinesh Upadhya and Guruprasad Kalthur and {Bola Sadashiva}, {Satish Rao} and Pratap Kumar",
year = "2010",
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language = "English",
volume = "93",
pages = "2486--2490",
journal = "Fertility and Sterility",
issn = "0015-0282",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
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T1 - Transgenerational changes in somatic and germ line genetic integrity of first-generation offspring derived from the DNA damaged sperm

AU - Adiga, Satish Kumar

AU - Upadhya, Dinesh

AU - Kalthur, Guruprasad

AU - Bola Sadashiva, Satish Rao

AU - Kumar, Pratap

PY - 2010/5/15

Y1 - 2010/5/15

N2 - Objective: To report a more quantitative approach to study the influence of varying levels of sperm DNA damage on transgenerational changes in genomic instability in a mouse model. Design: Experimental prospective study. Setting: Embryology research laboratory. Animal(s): Swiss albino mice. Intervention(s): The sperm DNA damage was induced by different doses of γ-irradiation to male mice followed by mating with healthy female mice. Main Outcome Measure(s): Genomic integrity in embryos, fetus, and spermatozoa of F1 mice derived from the DNA-damaged sperm. Result(s): The transgenerational changes in genetic integrity were attributed by a dose-dependent increase in the frequency of micronuclei in preimplantation embryos and a concomitant increase in genomic instability in fetal liver cells and sperm chromatin modifications in F1 males. A strong positive correlation was observed between the extent of sperm DNA damage and somatic and germ-line genomic instability. Conclusion(s): Sperm-mediated transgenerational genomic instability is dependent on the amount of DNA damage present in the sire's sperm at the time of fertilization.

AB - Objective: To report a more quantitative approach to study the influence of varying levels of sperm DNA damage on transgenerational changes in genomic instability in a mouse model. Design: Experimental prospective study. Setting: Embryology research laboratory. Animal(s): Swiss albino mice. Intervention(s): The sperm DNA damage was induced by different doses of γ-irradiation to male mice followed by mating with healthy female mice. Main Outcome Measure(s): Genomic integrity in embryos, fetus, and spermatozoa of F1 mice derived from the DNA-damaged sperm. Result(s): The transgenerational changes in genetic integrity were attributed by a dose-dependent increase in the frequency of micronuclei in preimplantation embryos and a concomitant increase in genomic instability in fetal liver cells and sperm chromatin modifications in F1 males. A strong positive correlation was observed between the extent of sperm DNA damage and somatic and germ-line genomic instability. Conclusion(s): Sperm-mediated transgenerational genomic instability is dependent on the amount of DNA damage present in the sire's sperm at the time of fertilization.

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