Unexplored parameters of ulnar nerve in the palm and its clinical implications; A cadaveric study

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Objectives: Several studies have been conducted on the variations and branching pattern of the ulnar nerve in the hand. There are few studies conducted on defining the distance of ulnar nerve from bony landmarks in the palm. Ulnar nerve is closely related to the pisiform and hook of hamate which act as important landmarks. Methods: The study was conducted on 30 formalin fixed adult hand specimens in the department of Anatomy. Various measurements related to the ulnar nerve in the palm were taken using a divider and Vernier Calipers and the values were tabulated after obtaining the mean and standard deviation. Results: The average distance seen in the hand specimens [n = 30] from pisiform to the division of ulnar nerve into superficial and deep branch was 0.89 ± 0.25cm and the distance between pisiform bone up to the division of superficial branch of ulnar nerve into proper and common digital branches was 1.36 ± 0.59 cm. The average distance from the origin of proper digital branch of ulnar nerve to the head of fifth metacarpal bone was 5.25 ± 0.59 cm. The length of common digital branch of ulnar nerve from its origin to division into 2 sensory branches was 4.31 ± 1.09 cm. Conclusion: This study provides the metric parameters of the ulnar nerve in the hand from its significant bony landmarks which should be kept in mind during surgical procedures to minimize the incidence of injury to its branches. It would assist the orthopedic surgeon in the treatment of ulnar nerve compression in the Guyon's canal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103259
Pages (from-to)103259
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Publication statusPublished - 02-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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