Padrão anômalo de ramificação e terminação da artéria facial e implicações clínicas para cirurgias da face

Translated title of the contribution: Unusual branching pattern and termination of facial artery and its clinical implications for facial operations

Ashwini Aithal Padur, Naveen Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The facial artery is the main artery of the face and variations in its origin and its branching pattern have been documented. We report herein multiple facial artery branch variations in the face. A large posterior (premasseteric) branch originated from the left facial artery and coursed upwards behind the main trunk of the facial artery. This artery presented with a straight course and was closely related to the anterior border of the masseter. The branch then terminated by supplying the adjacent connective tissue below the parotid duct. It was also observed that the facial artery was very thick and tortuous and terminated as the superior labial artery. Knowledge of this variation is of great clinical significance in facial operations, especially for maxillofacial surgeons and plastic surgeons, because it forms the anatomical basis for the facial artery musculo-mucosal flap.

Original languagePortuguese
Article numbere20190021
JournalJornal Vascular Brasileiro
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

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Arteries
Lip
Connective Tissue

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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Padrão anômalo de ramificação e terminação da artéria facial e implicações clínicas para cirurgias da face. / Padur, Ashwini Aithal; Kumar, Naveen.

In: Jornal Vascular Brasileiro, Vol. 18, e20190021, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The facial artery is the main artery of the face and variations in its origin and its branching pattern have been documented. We report herein multiple facial artery branch variations in the face. A large posterior (premasseteric) branch originated from the left facial artery and coursed upwards behind the main trunk of the facial artery. This artery presented with a straight course and was closely related to the anterior border of the masseter. The branch then terminated by supplying the adjacent connective tissue below the parotid duct. It was also observed that the facial artery was very thick and tortuous and terminated as the superior labial artery. Knowledge of this variation is of great clinical significance in facial operations, especially for maxillofacial surgeons and plastic surgeons, because it forms the anatomical basis for the facial artery musculo-mucosal flap.

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