Background: Variation in the reactivity on Rh D typing may pose challenges in interpretation and ambiguity in further patient management. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was conducted in the department of transfusion medicine for a period of 18 months. Blood grouping was performed by fully automated equipment employing column agglutination technique. All the samples with Rh D negative or discrepant reactions were subjected to weak D testing by the antihuman globulin testing method. Samples that tested positive were categorized as serological weak D type or Variant D and were further phenotyped with Partial D typing set with 6 monoclonal anti D antisera. Results: A total of 82,824 samples were tested for Rh D type during the study period. Of the study population, 65.7% were males. On Rh D type majority were Rh D positive (93%), 6.9% were negative, and the result was discrepant in 0.1% (70) samples. The overall prevalence of variant D was 1.28% (75) of the Rh D negative population and 0.09% of the total study population. The detection rate of variant D phenotype was significantly higher by the Column agglutination technique. Upon testing with Partial D kit, the partial D variant in the majority reacted wil all the 6 antisera and hence we could not rule out DIII(60%), in rest it was inconclusive. In 43% of subjects with Rh D discrepancy ‘C’ antigen was found in a homozygous state. Conclusion: The introduction of partial D typing kit alone may not help in the absolute characterization of variant D. Extended serological testing and selective integration of molecular testing is the need of the hour.
|Journal||Acta Clinica Belgica: International Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 01-01-2021|
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