Leptospirosis has been recognised as an emerging global public health problem. The aim of our study was to explore the epidemiological and clinical pattern of disease occurrence in suspected cases and to search for any existing co-infections. Ours was a retrospective study in patients with acute febrile illness in north India over a period of three years (April 2011 to June 2014). Serological diagnosis of leptospirosis was made using the PanBio IgM ELISA kit. Using modified Faine’s criteria, presumptive and possible diagnosis was made in 57% and 34% cases, respectively. Most of the affected population was resident in north and central India. Nineteen patients showed co-infection with other common pathogens prevailing locally. There is a need to increase awareness and understand the local sero-epidemiological pattern of leptospirosis so that timely preventive and curative action may be taken by healthcare authorities.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases