Wet-Chemical Etching: a Novel Nanofabrication Route to Prepare Broadband Random Plasmonic Metasurfaces

R. M. Piragash Kumar, A. Venkatesh, V. H.S. Moorthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Broadband optical metasurfaces are gaining enormous attention owing to their potential applications in optoelectronic devices, sensors, and flat optics. Here, we demonstrate for the first time a single-step, novel wet-chemical etching-based nanofabrication method to produce broadband random plasmonic metasurfaces (RPMS). The nanofabrication method is inexpensive, simple, versatile, and compatible with semiconductor processing technologies. The RPMS is made of a single-layer optically thick Ag thin film nanostructured with random nanoholes and nanocavities. The building block of the RPMS is a multi-resonant meta-cell composed of disordered nanoholes with variety of sizes, shapes, and aspect ratios. The composition of the multi-resonant meta-cell can be modified by varying the duration of immersion (DoI) of the Ag thin films in the etchant solution. The RPMS exhibits broadband extraordinary transmission in the 550–800 nm wavelength range with an efficiency of transmission of 2.3. Broadband absorption of light is observed in the entire visible region; incident light is strongly absorbed (~70%) in the nanocavities via localized surface plasmons (LSPs) in the 400–550 nm wavelength range. Further, 40–50% of the light is absorbed in the metal film via surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) excited by the multi-resonant meta-cells, elsewhere on the spectrum. The RPMS exhibits Lambertian type scattering with nearly 50% efficiency in the entire visible wavelength range. The RPMS with these broadband optical properties can find useful applications in plasmonic solar cells, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), thermoplasmonic devices, and plasmoelectric potentials based all-metal optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-374
Number of pages10
JournalPlasmonics
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-04-2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

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